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In March 2002, the general manager of Mathura Refinery had to respond to new national legislation that mandated the production of new cleaner-burning fuels. While these fuels would reduce vehicular emissions in the country, there was the possibility of increased local emissions from the refinery from the new processes used to produce these fuels. Effluent and oily sludge emissions also demanded management attention. The general manager recognized that Mathura Refinery had unique constraints because of it close proximity to the Taj Mahal. Any future expansion of the refinery's capacity would be contingent on its ability to reduce sulfur dioxide emissions and address public expectations.